Author

Pushkar Bisht

Garib Kalyan Yojana

New Delhi, March 26, 2020, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has announced some measures to deal with the economic distress caused due to coronavirus. The country is already facing complete lockdown at the moment which is making the situation tough for daily wage earners. The finance minister also tweeted about the announcement of an economic relief package of 1.7 lakh crore by the government on her twitter account. 

relief fund

The 21-day complete lockdown announced by PM Narendra Modi will definitely affect the revenue of many companies. Also will hit them hard. Many companies have revised downfall in their Q4 economic growth projections. And also estimated downfall in the growth estimates for next fiscal year FY 2021.

Union Minister Prakash Javadekar said on Wednesday that the Centre is supporting various state governments in relief for the poor. 

The announcement of the economic relief package worth 1.7 lakh crore by government is made under the PM Garib Kalyan Yojana. It will bring relief to the urban and rural poor, migrant workers and women in the bottom of the socio-economic grade. 

Also the finance minister had already announced some measures on Tuesday that included extension of tax deadlines. Also easing the minimum balance norms for savings accounts. Plus increasing threshold of insolvency filing to Rs 1 crore from Rs 1 lakh. 

What is PM Garib Kalyan Scheme:

PM Garib Kalyan Scheme will entail Rs 1.7 lakh crore (Economic Relief Package)

  • It will include both cash transfer and food security.
  • Also it will provide insurance cover worth Rs 50 lakh for sanitation workers, ASHA workers, doctors, nurses, paramedics in case they need it as they are on the frontlines of the corona battle.
  • Over and above 5kg of rice/wheat, another 5 kg per person is specified free to around 80 crore people through PDS. Besides, one kg of preferred and region specific choice of pulse will also be given.

D K Agaarwal – President PHD Chamber said – “The inclusion of extra Anna in the existing Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana, keeping in view the regional preferences and the essential nutrition intake, is highly appreciated.” Also he said, this will go a long way in maintaining the nutrition of the poor and also restrain a situation of panic in the current times.

Benefits Of The Economic Relief Fund – PM Garib Kalyan Yojana

Farmers: First instalment of Rs 2,000 of PM Kisan will be given in the first week of April. 8.69 cr farmers will get immediate benefit out of it.

MNREGA (National Rural Employment Guarantee Act): Increase in wage rate from Rs 182 to Rs 202 amounting to an increase of Rs 2000 per worker. And it will benefit 5 crore people.

Old Age/Widows: Ex-gratia of Rs 1,000 for next three months available in two instalments. It will benefit 3 crore widows and senior citizens.

Women Jan Dhan Account Holders: Ex gratia of Rs 500 per month for next three months. This will benefit 20 crore women.

Women Ujjawala Scheme Beneficiaries: For 3 months, free cylinders. Will benefit 8.3 crore BPL families.

Women Self Help Groups: Under the Deen Dayal National Livelihood Mission, collateral free loan will be given up to Rs 20 lakh from Rs 10 lakh earlier. Impact on 7 crore holders through 63 lakh SHGs.

Organised sector: Government of India will pay the EPF contribution. It will include both of the employer and the employee put together 24% for next three months. This is for those establishments with up to 100 employees, 90% of them earning less than Rs 15,000.

For the organised sector: EPFO regulation will be amended so that workers can draw up to 75% for their contingency expenditure non-refundable advance or three months of wages in advance whichever is less. This will benefit 4.8 cr workers.

Construction Workers: The State government has been directed to use the welfare fund for building & construction labourers which has around Rs 31,000 crore to help those who are facing economic disruption because of the lockdown.

District mineral fund: States will use this fund to supplement and augment all kind of medical testing and screening activities.

relief package
relief package
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Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay

The outbreak of COVID-19 has spread globally affecting over 190 countries, thousands are infected and others dead. The number for recoveries is still not upto the mark. Also there have been complete lockdowns and curfews have been announced all over the world, no wonder the situation is quite stressful.  

As per reports, On March 3, 2020, the Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO), Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, reported a 3.4% mortality rate from COVID-19. Although, it is very difficult to determine the mortality rate for coronavirus. 

According to Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of World Health Organisation (WHO), a lockdown is not enough to eradicate coronavirus from the world. The situation demands to invest the lockdown time to find a cure for the virus.

tedro

Mr  Ghebreyesus said in a daily briefing, “To slow the spread of COVID-19, many countries introduced “lockdown” measures. But on their own, these measures will not extinguish epidemics. We call on all countries to use this time to attack the coronavirus. You have created a 2nd window of opportunity.”


He also added – “Asking people to stay at home and shutting down population movement is buying time and reducing the pressure on health systems. But on their own, these measures will not extinguish epidemics.”

Tedros

Considering his statements, he urges to take the lockdowns as an opportunity to solve the problem. Nevertheless, his main concern is how the countries decide to use the lockdown time to stop the spread, since just staying indoors will not solve the problem. Also he said, “We call on all countries who have introduced so-called lockdown measures, to use this time to attack the virus. You have created a second window of opportunity, the question is how will you use it?”

“Aggressive measures to find, isolate, test, treat and trace is not only the best and fastest way out of extreme social and economic restrictions. But they’re also the best way to prevent them.” the WHO chief added.

It is pretty much clear that the chief believes that aggressive measures of testing and treating patients should come into play. And this is the only way we can be anywhere near to finding a cure for COVID-19.

Based on WHO’s Coronavirus daily reports

The total number infected cases – 478,341 

Total number of deaths – 21,524

The total number of recoveries –   115,665

And this still leaves 341,152 active cases globally.

Feature Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay

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New Delhi, The Home Ministry on Tuesday released detailed guidelines on the measures to be taken at the central and state level to contain the Covid-19 epidemic. The guidelines were issued after Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s announced three-week nationwide lockdown from midnight of March 24, 2020. He warned that if these 21 days are not observed as a lockdown, it will take India back 21 years. The lockdown is mandatory for the whole nation, which includes 32 states/UTs. 

The 32 states/ UTs that have been under full lockdown include: 

  1. Assam
  2. Andhra Pradesh
  3. Arunachal Pradesh
  4. Bihar
  5. Chhattisgarh
  6. Chandigarh
  7. Delhi
  8. Goa 
  9. Gujarat
  10. Himachal Pradesh
  11. Haryana
  12. Jammu Kashmir
  13. Jharkhand
  14. Kerala
  15. Karnataka
  16. Ladakh
  17. Maharashtra
  18. Meghalaya
  19. Mizoram
  20. Manipur
  21. Nagaland
  22. Punjab
  23. Rajasthan
  24. Sikkim
  25. Tripura
  26. Telangana
  27. Tamil Nadu
  28. Uttarakhand
  29. West Bengal
  30. Daman Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli
  31. Puducherry
  32. Andaman and Nicobar

Below are the phone numbers for the above states for any COVID-19 emergency: 

CM Kejriwal stated the need to observe social distancing and urged people to stay indoors at all costs. Both Kejriwal and Lieutenant Governor Anil Baijal clarified some of the pressing queries regarding the lockdown in the national capital. 

What is Complete Lockdown?

Complete Lockdown is meant to restrict movement of people and avoid the social gathering among the citizens. This would in turn break the chain of transmission of Coronavirus. The complete lockdown has been imposed on several cities across India. 

Pic Credit : Hindustan Times
Policemen stop and check ID cards of Commuters on the Gurgaon-Delhi border after lockdown in Gurgaon on Monday.
Pic Credit : Hindustan Times


The complete lockdown in India has been imposed under the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897. In case of an outbreak of an epidemic, this act empowers the district administration to seal the borders of the district to check the spread of the disease. When a lockdown is announced, the movement of people is restricted and no person from outside is allowed to enter the area which is under lockdown.

Services that are considered essential and will remain open are:
  • Services related to health, food, water and power supply will remain available
  • Police, home guards, civil defense, disaster management, fire & emergency services and prisons.
  • Dairies, grocery shops, chemists and petrol pumps will remain open
  • Services like print and electronic media, telecom, internet and the post will remain open
  • All shops, commercial establishments, factories, workshops , offices, godowns, weekly bazaar, etc. shall close their operations during this period.
  • Restaurants are allowed to provide takeaway and home delivery.
  • Persons associated with essential services will be allowed to go to their destinations during the lockdown.
  • DTC buses shall operate at not more than 25 per cent capacity to cater to personnel engaged in essential services. 
  • In case of a funeral, a congregation of not more than 20 people will be permitted. 
Restrictions:

Any congregation of more than 4 people is prohibited and punishable by law.

All construction activity is suspended.

All religious places are closed.

People have to stay home and can only come out for basic services in the vicinity of their residences while practicing social distancing.

Any person found violating this shall be prosecuted and punished with imprisonment or fine or both under the sections of the IPC as per the Epidemic Diseases Act 1897. Read more.

Here are key takeaways for Delhi in the wake of the Covid-19 lockdown.

No shortage

Arvind Kejriwal said there is no need to panic and that there will be no shortage of essential commodities in the market. People should not resort to panic buying.

“After PM Modi’s speech, yesterday people started lining up at shops for essential services. I again appeal to people to not panic buying, I assure everyone that there will be no shortage of essential services,” the CM said.

“I assure every person of Delhi that there will be no reduction in the supply of essential items for the next 3 weeks. In this difficult time, your every need will be taken care of,” he had tweeted yesterday.

E-passes for essential service providers

“We will issue passes for those providing essential services, E-passes will be provided to those who need to open their shops and factories for these services,” Kejriwal said adding that grocery, medicines, medical services and other essential services and operations will continue uninterrupted for the citizens.

Arvind Kejriwal and Baijal had assured earlier today that no one will sleep hungry in the city during the lockdown. Delhi government will provide free meals at a ‘Rain Basera’ (shelter) on Baba Kharak Singh Marg. 

The e-Pass will be for grocery shops, milk plant workers and others. Kejriwal said once the e-passes are issued, one can open shops related to essential commodities.

“A helpline number will be activated for that in a few hours.”

Helpline number

Kejriwal said that the Delhi Police Commissioner has introduced a helpline number at his office. “If you face any difficulty you can call at this number. The number is: 011-23469536,” he said.

The chief minister said that a helpline number will be issued for those who need to get their e-passes made.

Although, MyGov has already launched a whatsapp helpline number to answer all your queries regarding the epidemic of COVID-19.

Directive to landlords

It has been said that a strict action will be taken against landlords and house owners who force doctors, paramedical staff, healthcare personnel to vacate their rented residences amid the outbreak. The move comes after receiving complaints from healthcare personnel and medical officials. “Such behaviour obstructs amounts to obstructing public servants in discharging their duties,” the order read.

Earlier, Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal also appealed to the landlords to be considerate for 1-2 months and accept rents in installments if the tenant cannot instantly make arrangements.

For those hit by lockdown

The complete lockdown is definitely bound to hit the daily-wage earners. Concerning this issue, Kejriwal on Tuesday made an announcement stating that the Delhi government will give Rs 5,000 to every construction worker in Delhi so that they can make a living.

Yesterday on March 24, 2020, CM Kejrival tweeted that in the last 24 hours there was no new case of Coronavirus which was registered. 

So let’s all take the lockdown solemnly because we have seen many instances on social media about people still not taking the epidemic seriously. It’s just a matter of 21 days and if we all can just stay at home, we will definitely be contributing our role in the fight against corona. Stay at home and don’t panic. I guess this is the least we can do to show our support to the government. Stay safe and avoid any kind of gathering. Afterall, we all have always wanted to work from home, and now that we are getting the opportunity, we are totally against it. 

In recent times, the number of cases are increasing in India and we really don’t want the same situation which is in Italy at the moment. If we all follow the lockdown, we can fight with COVID-19. 

The updated report of COVID-19 for India states: 

Total Cases – 562

New Cases – +26

Total Deaths – 10

Total Recovered – 40

Activa Cases – 512

The reports are taken from world meters

The Statewise Reports

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On March 20, 2020- The Government of India took another measure to clear queries about the COVID-19 or Coronavirus. But with more positive cases of COVID-19 the steps seem to be necessary and important. MyGov launched whatsapp number number for COVID-19. The whatsapp number is 9013151515. You just need to save the number in the contacts list and send a “Hi” message to this number to get a response for your query. The WhatsApp Chatbot is called MyGov Corona Helpdesk and is available to all Whatsapp users. The responses that this bot will generate will be automated, the idea being to clarify and provide correct information about most queries that people may have about this fast spreading illness.

The National Pharmaceuticals Pricing Authority (NPPA) said in a tweet, “The Government has created WhatsApp Chatbot on Corona. It is called MyGov Corona Helpdesk. Just save on WhatsApp 9013151515 and you will get an automated response on queries related to Corona.”

Whatsapp # 9013151515

Referring to this, Minister of Railways and Commerce and Industry Piyush Goyal tweeted, “Prepare, Don’t Panic: Government launches MyGov Corona Helpdesk on WhatsApp for alerting citizens & disseminating information.”

Also couple of days before the government launched the helpline number for all states. The number for Delhi is 011-23978046, and toll-free number 1075. In case you have to clear any doubts regarding the COVID-19 pandemic, you can email on email- ncov2019@gov.in.

Whatapp Helpline 9013151515

Below are the helpline numbers for other states too for the reference.

State Helpline NO

As of March 19, 2020, the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare of the Government of India has reported 171 confirmed cases of the Coronavirus infection in India. 

Yesterday on March 19, 2020 Prime Minister Narendra Modi urged citizens to not panic, avoid panic buying. Also he requested to remain indoors as much as possible and work from home. He has called for a Junta Curfew on Sunday, March 22, and requested citizens to not leave their homes between 7am and 9pm. Also asked the citizens to 

Globally, the Coronavirus confirmed infections have crossed the 244517 mark.

If planning to cancel upcoming traveling plans then read about airline waiver on change fee and cancellation due to coronavirus

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Learn About Your Air Passenger Rights?

There are millions of people who travel each year, but many of them are unaware about their air passenger rights to protect them. WorldTravelFeed will help you understand them and help you how you can file a claim and get compensation for flight delay or cancellation.

Air passenger rights involves laws that protects and supports the travelers. In case of any flight interruptions, they get compensated. 

Although the rights vary from country to country. In the United States, there are some laws that protects travelers in case of overbooked flights or any tarmac delay. But Europe’s EC 216 is more beneficial for travelers any day as it is more comprehensive and offers compensation for flight delay or cancellation in a range of situations. 

Clearly as a matter of fact, 85% of travelers are unaware about their air passenger rights. 

We Are Happy To Help

WorldTravelFeed is there for your help regarding any issues you face during your next air travel related to the air passenger rights. Airhelp is committed to serve the travel community with information regarding travelers rights. It is our mission to help travelers to get compensation for flight delay or cancellation. Apart from this, what’s more, Airhelp seeks to simplify specific legal statues that are on your side, so that you know what the laws do and how you can effectively approach a wide variety of flight disruptions beyond your control. Also we help people that experience flight delays, flight cancellations, denied boarding, baggage problems, and missed connections.

Individual countries abide by their individual air passengers rights. Few of these are namely Europe’s EC 261, the Montreal Convention, Brazil’s ANAC 400 and various US laws.

Airhelp says “So far, we’ve helped 16 million travelers and we also provide additional technological tools for travelers in their flight compensation quests”

Airhelp

Europe’s EC 261 

EC 261/2004 is a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council in EU law that favors the passengers. EC 261 establishes common rules and sets the minimum standards on financial compensation and assistance to passengers in the events of denied boarding, flight cancellations, long delay and downgrade. It holds airlines financially accountable when any air disruption is caused under the airline’s control. Any circumstances, which is outside the airline’s control is not included in air passenger rights. 

The law plays a vital role for passenger rights which is not limited to only European travelers. In short all the passengers departing from a European airport are covered under EC 261. Hence in some cases, passengers who are flying into Europe from other international destinations may be covered as well. In comparison to other laws, EC 261 is one of the most comprehensive.

To clarify the airlines are financially and legally responsible for the flight issues. However the compensation depends upon the flight destination and flight scenario. Under EC 261, in most cases you can get reimbursement of upto $700 per person. 

The scenarios covered under the EC 261 are:

However the amount of compensation which a passenger is entitled will depend upon many factors like distance traveled and amount of time you are delayed reaching your destination. 

EU Airline Compensation

Most routes within Europe and many international flights are covered under EC 261. If your flight departs from an airport in the EU, it’s covered. If your flight departs from elsewhere but your destination is in the EU, coverage depends on the airline ⎯ if it’s a European carrier, you’re covered.

Here’s a chart to understand it better : 

ITINERARY EU AIR CARRIERNON EU AIR CARRIER
From inside the EU to inside the EUCovered Covered
From inside the EU to outside the EUCoveredCovered
From outside the EU to inside the EUCoveredNot Covered
From outside the EU to outside the EUNot CoveredNot Covered

In some cases, disrupted flights outside the EU may be eligible under EC 261 if they connect to a covered flight that is with the same carrier and part of the same flight reservation (under one booking reference number).

What’s not Covered?

In case of any extraordinary circumstances which is outside the control of the airlines, will not be covered under the EC 261. And in such cases there is no compensation from the airlines. 

You will not be eligible for compensation if your delay was because of any of the below reasons. Although, the airlines should show that they have taken necessary measures to prevent the delay.

Extraordinary Circumstances
Strikes initiated by airport employees or air traffic control
Political unrest
Inclement Weather
Security Risk

Your rights under EC 261

Here are some of the passenger rights under EC 261 relating to your treatment.

Obligation to inform passengers for their rights

Above all the first and foremost right is to be informed about the content of EC 261. Therefore every airline is supposed to display information on air passenger rights at their check-in counters in every airport. Also you can read the actual text of EC 261 as well. 

Right to reimbursement or re-routing

In case if your delay exceeds 5 hours, you are entitled for a partial or full refund of your original cost of ticket with a return ticket to your point of departure, if needed. This will be in addition to compensation for your loss of time. 

Right to care

During any disruptions while you are waiting for the airlines to get back to you towards your destination, you’re entitled to a number of amenities, depending on your flight details.

The airline must provide you with: 

  • Firstly, meals and refreshments during the delay.
  • Secondly, access to communications, including two telephone calls, fax messages and emails.
  • Thirdly, if overnight accommodations are necessary, they must provide you with a hotel room and transportation to and from the airport.

The following chart explains when passengers become eligible for these:

Flight DetailsLength of Delay
All flights 1500km or less2 hours or more
Internal EU flights over 1500kms3 hours or more
Non-internal EU flights between 1500km and 3500km3 hours or more
Non-internal EU flights over 3500kms 4 hours or more
Upgrading or Downgrading

If you have booked a flight and then the airline offers you with an alternate flight where the class is lower then you are entitled to get a reimbursement between 30% and 75% of the original price you paid. On the other hand if you have booked a flight and offered an alternate flight in higher class, the airlines cannot charge you anything extra. 

Further Compensation

Passenger’s right to compensation under EC 261 does not affect your right to request further compensation. However, this will only apply in case any passenger has voluntarily surrendered their reservations. Thus the amount which you are supposed to receive under EC 261 may be deducted from whatever additional compensation you receive. 

EU 261 Claim

It should be noted that your passenger rights will expire eventually in case you do not file compensation for flight delay or cancellation . However, the time limit varies from one country to another. Please note that the country you claim in is not decided by your nationality, but by where the headquarter of the airlines, or what court has jurisdiction in cases concerning the airline. 

To sum up there is a handy chart below for your reference:

COUNTRYLIMITATION PERIOD
Austria3 years
Belgium1 year
Bulgaria5 years
Croatia3 years
Cyprus6 years
Czech Republic3 years
Denmark3 years
Estonia3 years
Finland3 years
France5 years
Germany*3 years
Greece5 years
Hungary5 years
Iceland2 years
Ireland6 years
Italy26 months
Latvia10 years
Lithuania10 years
Luxembourg10 years
MaltaNo limit
Netherlands2 years
Norway3 years
Poland1 year
Portugal3 years
Romania3 years
Slovakia2 years
Slovenia2 years
Spain5 years
Sweden2 months
Switzerland2 years
United Kingdom6 years

* For Germany, the limitation period expires the last day of the third year (for example, the limitation period for a flight on 25/2/2016 expires on 31/12/2019).

US Air Passenger Rights

What are US Air Passenger Rights?

The US laws in case of air passenger rights in case of flight delays or cancellation are not as extensive as European or International laws. The rights are limited to any passengers for denied boarding, tarmac delays or in case of luggage problems. 

Denied Boarding

In the United States, overbooking is pretty common with most of the airlines. If you are denied boarding or bumped off due to overbooking, you could be entitled to compensation of upto $1350. Read more on overbooked booking. There are strong laws in place governing your right to be compensated. 

Tarmac Delays

US laws do not address delayed flights in general, but there are laws concerning what happens if your flight is delayed on the tarmac. Read more about tarmac delays so you know your rights. 

Luggage Issues

Passengers are given a number of rights when it comes to banged-up, delayed and lost bags on US flights. More details on baggage compensation page.

Which Flights are Covered by US Regulations?

The denied boarding regulations apply to flights with US carriers originating in the United States while the tarmac delay regulations apply to flights departing from or flying to a US airport.

The laws regarding luggage problems deal with domestic flights with US carriers between US cities. And in case of international flights originating in the United States are covered by the Montreal Convention, in most cases.

Brazil’s ANAC 400

What are Air Passenger Rights in Brazil?

Air Passenger Rights in Brazil are important. Passengers have rights when they fly – and in case any disruption occurs, the laws are very clear on what care passengers should expect from the airlines. In case the airline fails to provide the care, you can get compensation for flight delay or cancellation of upto $1,300. 

Anyone flying in Brazil is protected by the legislation from Brazil’s National Civil Aviation Agency (ANAC).

The laws related  to air passenger rights are known as ANAC Resolution Nº 400. These laws are set out for airlines to take care of their passengers in case of any flight disruption. The law offers air passengers a great deal of consideration, specifying what care airlines must provide, and when. And when the airline fails to care for their travelers, Brazil’s Consumer Code allows passengers to claim compensation.

Compensation for Flight Issues in Brazil

DisruptionsCompensation Amount
Flight DelayUpto $1300 per person
Flight CancellationUpto $1300 per person
Denied Boarding Upto $690 per person

Role of Airhelp – 
  • Your flight was cancelled at late notice – OR – Your flight was over 4 hours late arriving at your destination.
  • You were not adequately looked after by the airline.
  • Your flight landed or took off from a Brazilian airport.
  • The issue occurred on a flight within the last 5 years (2 years for international flights)

Explanation of Air Passenger Rights:

There are several rights which you are entitled to under Brazilian Law:

Right to information:

In case your flight is delayed at the airport the airline should let you know about it promptly. They need to inform you about the new departure time. Also, the airline must provide an update on the delayed departure time every 30 minutes. Upon request, the airline must provide you with a written explanation about the delay.

Right to care:

The airline must provide their passengers with material assistance if flight is delayed or cancelled . What care the passenger will get will depends on how long the passenger is waiting after their original departure time:

Over 1 hour: Passengers should get access to communication – for example, a telephone call or Wi-Fi access for emailing, etc.

Over 2 hours: Passengers must be provided with meals appropriate for the time of day. The airline may either provide food, or it can hand out meal vouchers to waiting passengers.

Over 4 hours: If the delay is 4 hours or more then passengers have 2 important rights.

  •  Reimbursement or rebooking – The airline must look to get you to your destination as soon as possible. 
  • Accommodation – If the airline cannot get you to your destination any sooner, they must provide you with suitable accommodation.

But the airlines will offer accommodation only for an overnight wait therefore if you have a 5-hour wait during the day, no accommodation will be offered. Airlines will also provide transfers to the accommodation. And in case you live in the city of departure the airline doesn’t have to offer you accommodation – but they must offer you the transfers to your home.

Right to reimbursement or rebooking:

When flights are delayed over 4 hours or are canceled, passengers have the right to choose from the following choices:

  • A ticket on another flight.
  • A refund of the fare – including airport taxes and fees.
  • A way of getting to their destination via other means – e.g. a bus ticket plus transfers.
Rights if the airline changes your flight:

Moreover sometimes, airlines may need to make changes to your flight. For example the departure time could be later, or your direct flight may get changed to a connecting flight. If this happens to you, ANAC 400 offers some protection and passenger get compensation for flight delay or cancellation.

The airline can make the following changes, so long as they let passengers know about the change at least 72 hours before the original departure time.

Flight TypeChange in time
Domestic flights+/- 30 minutes
International flights+/- 1 hour

If your flight changes by more than this, or if the airline does not inform you of a change more than 72 hours in advance, the airline must offer you either:

  • An alternative flight
  • A full refund

In case if you’re not advised about the flight change and turn up at the airport for your original departure time, the airline must rebook or reimburse you for the flight. In addition, they must take care of your food, drink, and accommodation where necessary.

Rights for passengers with additional needs:

Brazilian laws offer additional protections for air passengers who may require assistance.

Another ANAC resolution, Nº 280, covers the rights of air passengers with additional needs and offer more assistance when they fly:

  • Passengers aged 60 and over
  • Pregnant and breastfeeding passengers
  • Passengers accompanied by an infant (a child under 2)
  • Passengers with reduced mobility
  • Any passenger with a specific condition that limits their autonomy

The airline is required to offer these passengers appropriate care and assistance while they are at the airport and during the flight.

In the event of flight issues:

Passengers with additional needs, as defined above, have priority when flights are delayed or canceled.

In case the passengers are offered a new flight, passengers with additional needs will be reallocated first. And also they are offered with accommodation if there is a wait of 4 hours or more, even if there is no overnight wait.

Your rights if you’re denied boarding:

Brazilian laws act to discourage airlines from overbooking flights, which can lead to denied boardings.

In case your flight which has been overbooked, the airline will look for volunteers to give up their seat. These passengers must still be compensated – though, the passenger and airline are free to agree exactly what that compensation looks like.

In case no volunteers agree, airline can deny boarding to some passengers. These passengers are then offered an alternative flight, the care, and additional compensation. This compensation is set under ANAC 400 and is paid immediately.

Flight TypesCompensation amount (USD)Compensation amount (SDR*)
Domestic flights$345SDR 250
International flights$690SDR 500

*SDR = Special Drawing Rights. ANAC 400 lists all compensation amounts in SDR. The approximate USD amounts is calculated.

Please note: Sometimes airlines will ask you to sign a volunteer overbooking form. Don’t do that unless you voluntarily give up your seat. Ask instead to sign for involuntary denied boarding.

 

What situations are covered?

Likewise the situations which is covered under the Brazilian Law is wherein the flight disruption is out of the passenger’s control and passenger gets covered. Although there are extraordinary circumstances which are outside of the airline’s control.

For example, If you miss your flight because of flight delay or flight cancellation, the passenger is covered for the compensation however if you miss your flight or decide to take a later one, then these laws will not come into effect. 

If there is any delay because of bad weather or a strike by air traffic control will come under extraordinary circumstances and the airline will not provide the compensation but yes they will have to take care of the passengers as per the law. 

The one exception is, if the airline doesn’t provide the care during any extraordinary circumstances then the affected passengers can file a claim for compensation.

Which Flights are covered?

The air passenger rights under Brazilian law applies to the following flights:

  • Domestic flights within Brazil.
  • International flights that depart from a Brazilian airport.
  • International flights that arrive at a Brazilian airport.
  • Flights that connect via a Brazilian airport.
  • Any flight ticket which is issued in Brazil (even if the flight is operated abroad).

What is the time limit?

Yes, there is a time limit and that’s why it becomes important to be aware of your rights and what is the expiration date so you are able to file the claim. Here is the time limit:

Flight TypeTime Limit For Claim To Be Filed
Domestic Flights5 years
International Flights2 years

Things to remember in case your Brazil Flight is Disrupted:

  • Firstly, ask for the care you need – communication, food and drink, and accommodation.
  • Secondly, let the airline know if you require additional assistance.
  • Thirdly, keep hold of your flight boarding pass.
  • Also ask for a statement from the airline about the flight delay or cancellation.
  • Also keep any additional documentation the airline gives you regarding the disruption.
  • In fact take pictures of conditions at the gate and of any vouchers or assistance you are offered.
  • Also keep all receipts from the expenses you occur 
  • Record the names of the airline staff – particularly if they refuse your request for assistance.

The Montreal Convention 

What is the Montreal Convention?

The Montreal Convention is a multilateral treaty signed and adopted by over 130 countries around the world. It’s aim is to establish airline liability in case of flight delay and for damage or loss of baggage. Thus provide passenger compensation for flight delay or cancellation.

However, the treaty is not so comprehensive on flight disruptions as compared to EC 261. It offers passenger rights on international flights between the large number of nations that abide by the regulation. 

What Rights are covered by the Montreal Convention?

The 2003 Montreal Convention covers many air passenger rights like delays, flight cancellation or boarding denials. If you miss your booking because of any air travel issues, and you have to pay for an extra night at hotel or any other unforeseen expenses, you will get reimbursed. Above all you need to attach the proof of expenses and necessary documents of the booking. Always hold onto the receipts. 

The treaty also protects travelers in case of luggage issues, it can be damaged bags, delayed bags or lost baggage. But there are time restrictions to these, a damaged baggage claim needs to be submitted within 7 days, delayed baggage within 21 days. And in case of lost baggage, you have 2 years to file the claim. 

You can read the complete agreement here.

Which flights are covered by the Montreal Convention?

The Montreal Convention applies to international flights between nations that honor the regulation. The treaty is signed and approved by over 130 countries around the world. Few exceptions are like Sri Lanka and Vietnam. But the list keeps on changing as nations join in. 

The Montreal Convention apply if your departure and destination is within a single member nation, but only when there have been planned stopover in a different country. For example, imagine that you’re flying between cities in a member nation such as China with a stopover in India. Your flights are covered. But if you had a direct flight instead, with no stopover, it would not be an “international” flight and would not be covered.

Conclusion:

To sum up, if you have any disruptions during your travel caused by the airlines, most of the times you are eligible for the compensation/reimbursement. However, you can always check with Airhelp whether you qualify for the compensation for flight delay or cancellation or not. Alternatively, you can simply visit Airhelp.com and fill out the form with the required information and supported documents. Their legal experts will take care and if qualified you will get the compensation. Although, make sure you read the article above to understand whether you are in the category of claim or not. This will save their time and your time too. It is a great website and has been serving the traveler community since 2013. There are numerous legal achievements under their name, and they have also changed jurisdiction in several cases. 

The form on Airhelp will look like this. So you can start by filling out the form and check for your compensation amount. 

Airhelp
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Airline Waive Change & Cancellation Fee Due to Coronavirus

We have seen how contagious and harmful the COVID-19 is right from the outbreak. And with the increase in the number of infected people all around the globe, the condition has become worse. The complete market has gone hayway and has majorly impacted the travel industry and not to forget, customers are facing great losses. So the outbreak has led to the cancellation of many flights both domestic and international. As a result airline waive change & cancellation fee due to coronavirus

Obviously we can’t deny the fact that airlines are understanding the travelers problems and taking necessary actions to overcome the situation. As a result it gives a sigh of relief to the passengers. Many airlines around the globe have already changed their policies regarding cancellation, change, refund and rebooking of the tickets. 

Here are some of the updates which we have received from the airlines (within India) who have made changes to their policies. You must go through these and this will be useful to you.

Indigo Airlines

Indigo Airlines was the first airline to waive change & cancellation fee due to coronavirus.

As per the update – 
IndiGo Airlines waives-off change fees on existing and new domestic and international bookings made till March 31, 2020 

  • No change fees for flights already booked between March 12, 2020 – March 31, 2020 
  • Zero change fees for bookings made between March 12, 2020 – March 31, 2020

Fare difference if any will be applicable.

Mr. William Boulter, Chief Commercial Officer, IndiGo said, “We understand that some passengers are concerned about committing to travel, given the current coronavirus issue. To take this anxiety away and make their travel hassle-free, we are waiving our normal change fees on all travel during the next two weeks and for all new bookings made in that period. This will enable our customers to book their flights at affordable fares, with the flexibility of rescheduling, without change fees, if needed. Whilst the corona virus is a very serious challenge for us all, we believe that measures such as this will help alleviate its effect on India’s travel.”

Air India

Air India was the second to rescue their customers.

The Airlines has decided to permit One Free Change for the passengers to postpone any international or domestic bookings made to/from areas with a risk of exposure.

Applicability:

  • All Existing Bookings with travel date till 30th April and New bookings booked till 31st March 2020.
  • Modifications allowed on all bookings till 72 hrs prior to departure.

Ticket Must be Reissued On or Before 31MAY 2020.

Other Information:

  • Change Fee will be waived for One Instance only – any subsequent changes will be subject to normal reissue fee. 
  • In case of non-availability of same fare level, difference of fare will be charged. 
  • Tickets can only be reissued by the agency that originally issued the ticket. 
  • In case of re-routing, applicable difference of fare will be charged. 

Spicejet

Spicejet has also taken measures to ease your travel.

As per the updated policy the airlines will not charge any change fees:

  • On existing bookings for travel between 12th and 31st March, 2020.
  • On new bookings for travel between 12th and 31st March, 2020.

Fare difference will apply. 

The Airline announced the update on twitter.

Go Air

Zero cancellation and rebooking fee offer can be availed if done up to 14 days before departure, GoAir said in the statement

GoAir said that they will not charge any fee on cancellation or rescheduling of tickets booked till April 30 amid the coronavirus scare.

This applies for all bookings made between March 8 and April 30 and for the travel period between March 8 and September 30.

The customer will have to pay the fare difference when rescheduling a flight.

“We looked at what could be going on in the consumer’s mind right now especially in the prevailing uncertain situation. It emerged that the freedom to reschedule flight tickets without any strings attached was the biggest concern,” Managing Director Jeh Wadia said.

Vistara

Because of the COVID-19, Air Vistara has waived cancellation and rescheduling charges for bookings made on or before March 1.

Fare difference will be applicable if any. 

Air Asia:

In general, the airline has not yet spoken about any waiver for change or cancellation of the flight but has mentioned about the refund. You can check out the list and see if you are falling under one of those.

Important Update came from Air Asia
Important Update came from Air Asia

As per the airlines – For those whose travel plans are affected by the restrictions or cancellations, below is the list of  refund categories related to Covid-19 which you can submit via AVA; 

  1. Flight to / from Mainland China, Hong Kong SAR & Macau SAR
  2. Covid-19 Voluntary Cancellation
  3. Nationals restricted to travel
  4. Japan Domestic Voluntary Cancellation
  5. AirAsia Cancelled my Flight

The chart is here

The above mentioned airlines have already press release and announced officially regarding the update in their policies. In short this has made this process hassle free for all travelers but as a traveler you definitely need to invest a bit of your time on these policies. Now with the change in the policies, make sure you take all the necessary precautions and travel safe. So such initiative deserves applause for the airlines who have come forward and waive change & cancellation fee due to coronavirus.

So make your plans accordingly. Please connect with us on our facebook page to tell us what you think about this. 

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Since the festival of colours, HOLI is around the corner and what makes it unique this year is the long weekend. So all the peeps get ready for some crazy experience this holi. Holi is witnessed as the craziest festivals of India which indulge everyone with paint and colours. Holi as a festival is not only gaining popularity among Indians but we have seen some drastic increase in foreign tourists as well. Many travelers are visiting India during Holi to witness this crazy war. 

Holi is one of the major festivals of India and celebrated across the four corners of India. The festival is linked with this tradition of colours. And the stories which relate to Holi are Holika Dahan and Radha-Krishan. Holika Dahan is actually lighting of bonfires and the ritual is symbolic of victory of good over evil. What’s the Story of Radha and Krishan- Krishna, who had a dark complexion was jealous of his beloved Radha’s extremely fair skin and in a mischievous mood, he applied color on Radha’s face as an expression of love. Holi is famous as Basant Utsav in rural India and gulal, abeer, bhang (edible mixture made from the buds, leaves, and flowers of marijuana plant) and pichkaris are synonymous with the festival.

That being a little discussed about the history, where you can celebrate the best Holi this year. Well Holi is best witnessed in Banaras, Mathura and Vrindavan. In these cities Holi is witnessed with a huge mob all around the city, covered with colours. Even the streets get painted with the gulal. But with the increase in the number of people who are willing to witness this supercool festival, Pushkar and Rishikesh are coming more into the limelight. Guess why? Well it’s simple because of the hippie culture and more foreign tourists in these cities. 

The festival here is different, the madness, the crowd, bhang and alcohol become the hype of the event. Although we won’t talk about the original cities where Holi is played from ancient times because you must have already witnessed it or probably read a lot and seen on television. What makes it interesting will be celebrating this year in Pushkar or Rishikesh. It will become your lifetime experience. 

Plus you got a whole weekend and then the next two days so cheers to this 4 day holiday. It will be no bloody Monday anymore rather it will turn out to be the coolest Monday. Let’s get ready for something which you haven’t experienced yet.

HOLI IN PUSHKAR

Pushkar, the hippie capital of Rajasthan, is a small and very pious city in Ajmer. Every year more than a million tourists visit the city for its temples, peaceful ambience, ghats, amazing cafes, Pushkar Mela and last but not the least the grand festival Holi. If you already have been to Pushkar then I am sure you can understand why I am giving the city such praises but if you haven’t visited yet, then this is your chance and trust me it will turn out to be one of your best memories. 

The festival party in Pushkar starts at 10 in the morning and continues till 5pm. The city gets transformed into some crazy badass club. Although alcohol is not served during this time (you can have your own, but keep to the amount where it can give you joy, I know it didn’t sound right with joy so let’s call it Suroor, better isn’t it?) Although you will find some crazy DJs playing trance and electro with hundreds of people dancing and painting each other gulaal. It will be like a Sunburn with colours. And imagine this crazy party going on and on for 7 hours, almost a complete shift in office. 

Yeah some of you might have been saying if there is NO ALCOHOL then what is there. So to all the alcoholics there is a solution, Bhang which will give you a pip. You can also call it special lassi or thandai. It is sold openly during Holi with a Government approved shops. No need to do car-o-bar now. 

What actually made celebrating Holi in Pushkar was Kapda Faad holi where the t-shirts of guys were torn apart and thrown to the winds. There is no exception to anyone, if you are a guy and entering the party then it is bound to happen. But this is only for men, WOMEN are safe and you will find several security guards and volunteers roaming to check on the event for women safety and alcohol or non-vegetarian consumption. Although a quick update, this event was banned by the government last year. So don’t get your hopes high because not sure if your t-shirt is getting torn this year and after which you can flaunt your masculine physique. Although there are some private parties too which you can certainly attend. Ofcourse, you will have to pay for those. 

PS: It’s a long weekend so you have time to explore the city and the amazing cafes if you arrive early like on Saturday or Sunday. Also you can plan to visit Jaipur and make a halt for the weekend and move ahead for the grand event. Moreover, Ajmer dargah is also nearby where you can pay your visit. 

HOLI IN RISHIKESH

Let’s move to Rishikesh, the yoga capital of India. Again there are no facts needed to show you all how many tourists visit Rishikesh, not only Indian tourists but foreigners too. So not only the tourist is driven just coz of some great cafes, or adventure sports but yoga is the biggest reason to draw foreign tourists to Rishikesh. The city is famous for river rafting, cafes, yoga retreats, camping, short hikes, waterfall, ashrams and much more to offer. Let’s talk about Holi now. So Rishikesh has been the trending city for Holi for the last few years and why not. It got so much to offer. Holi in Rishikesh starts from the night before Holi, the “Holika” is burnt at Laxman Jhula chowk, where people gather around the fire, and they sing and wish each other. And then on the next day, the same place is the venue for the Holi party. The chowk gets blasted with some crazy bollywood songs on loudspeakers and everyone is dancing and smearing others with colours. This makes the ambience fun and festive. Also you can look for some bhang or thandai but in Rishikesh it is not sold openly. You will definitely find it with ease but will have to approach in a little smarter way. The whole fun of being in Rishikesh is to experience the enthusiasm for this wonderful festival of colours, and the general camaraderie going around. 

There are private parties which are hosted by many people wherein you can get some great experience.

PS – You can plan ahead and visit Rishikesh early as it has so much more to offer. You can go rafting, eat at some cozy cafe, witness the ganga aarti, get indulged in Yoga, roam around the city on a bike or scooter, go for some day hikes, I mean the list has a good number of activities which you can do. Camping under the stars is something which you can do.  I know it has been so commercialized but definitely it has not lost its charm. 

Here’s the fun part, I have got a friend of mine who is hosting this supercool “NATURE FEST” event in Rishikesh. Let me roll out the details:

The event is Rang de Rishikesh

Celebrate this Holi with Camp Kailasha with ORGANIC COLOURS and ORGANIC FOOD. 

Experience the real madness in the foothills riverside middle of nature…a perfect setup for an exciting Holi experience. 

|| Event inclusions ||

  • DJ – Music in the daytime
  • Holi special drinks and food 
  • Special bonfire
  • Organic colours
  • Organic food
  • Water fountains 
  • Fun Games 
  • Riverside fun
  • Barbeque

All the activities in the camp include :-

  • Volleyball
  • Badminton
  • Bonfire
  • Riverside fun
  • Misc other activities

Includes all meals (breakfast – lunch – evening snacks – dinner) + (All the inhouse activities)

The event link is shared – https://www.facebook.com/events/2410582949052450/

The facebook page – https://www.facebook.com/campkailasha/

Below are some of the pictures taken from last year’s fest.

Last year Nature Fest
Last year Nature Fest
Last year Nature Fest
Last year Nature Fest
Camp Picture 1
Camp Picture 1
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Yes, it’s time to add Andaman and Nicobar Islands to our bucket list because guess what, Andaman and Nicobar Islands will soon get its first ever railway line. And no we are not kidding!!! If you too have dreams of enjoying a vacation in the much-loved islands and are planning to visit Andaman and Nicobar Islands, traveling might soon get more convenient to this destination. 

Andaman and Nicobar Islands have been a famous destination among travelers for its scenic and antiquated beauty. But we have seen more craze in couples and honeymooners about these exotic islands for pristine beauty, calm seas and bounty nature. 

I know you all have started visualizing the scenic beauty through the window of your seat, so here’s everything you need to know about the dream rail route of all travelers.

WHAT IS THE PROJECT

The Indian government has given green signal to the 240 kms broad gauge railway tracks in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, connecting Port Blair and Diglipur. The link is expected to run parallel to the coast through a number of bridges and stations. This line will connect Port Blair with Diglipur, becoming the first railway line in the country to get the archipelago i.e the group of islands on the rail map. 

So if you are someone who suffers from sea-sickness then fret no more. You can now avoid those bumpy ferry rides, all thanks to the first railway line in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 

Currently, there are only two ways to reach Port Blair, the capital of Andaman and Nicobar Islands either by Air or by Sea. Port Blair and Diglipur are well connected by road and sea. The distance between Port Blair and Diglipur via the 350kms Andaman Trunk Road (ATR) takes nearly about 14 hours by bus while the ferry takes a whole day. But once the railway tracks are laid, the journey then will be covered in ONLY 3 HOURS.

WHAT’S THE COST OF THE PROJECT

The rail line will be built with Rs 2,413.68 crore with a negative rate of return on investment of -9.64 per cent. Though a rail line is considered commercially viable if it is at least a positive of 12 per cent yet Railways has approved the plan due to its “uniqueness and strategic importance”, as per documents reviewed by The Indian Express.

Planning and Finance directorates of Railways said that the project “is unique, away from the mainland, and has tourism potential.”

BENEFITS FOR TOURISM

It’s clear that the main agenda of the railway line is to boost tourism. Andaman already gives you a feel of an exotic foreign island while Port Blair and Diglipur are both great locations for tropical vacation. If you visit there you won’t feel that you are in India. We really are super excited and super anxious about the rail route, and just wish it starts soon.

As soon as the line is commissioned, tourism will see a jump from the current 4.5 lakh visitors a year to around 6 lakh a year, as per our estimates. So even though the railway survey shows a negative return, our assessment is otherwise. However, we have agreed to share the operational losses, if any,” Lieutenant Governor of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Jagdish Mukhi told The Indian Express.

The Ross and Smith islands are the major tourist attractions in Diglipur. “These are just two of the main attractions. Lakhs of tourists take great pains to reach there from Port Blair every year. With the railway line in place, that part essentially becomes a part of the capital, beneficial to tourists, local residents and the defence forces,” said Mukhi. The region is also famous for its serene sea-side experience at the Lamiya Bay Beach and the Kalipur Beach.

”If they get trains to our island, travelling will become much easier. Diglipur has about 40,000 people, so it will make the to-and-fro travelling much easier,” Tufan Kishen, a native of Port Blair was quoted as saying by International Business Times.

THE IMPORTANCE TO DEFENCE FORCES 

It’s very clear that the railway line of Andaman and Nicobar Islands will play a vital role for the defence forces also. As per the Railways’ Planning wing, the project can help build the strategic lines for Defence ministry like those in the border regions of the Northeast. In fact, the Finance arm can be taken up as a national project much like the famous Kashmir link. 

The Union Territory administration too pitched for the tourism potential of the rail line claiming it is of “immense strategic value” to the defence forces as Diglipur is only 300 km by sea from the southern coast of Myanmar.

Let us know who all are super excited to visit Andaman and Nicobar Islands through the rail. And if you already have been to these exotic destinations, do share your experience with us.

HAPPY TRAVELING 

Pic Credit for Thumbnail image- Travel Earth

Pic Credit for Instagram images – andaman_nicobar

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Tourists from India, Maldives and Bangladesh were considered as Regional Tourists and these three countries were exempted from the fee and could enter without a visa. But not any more. 

On Monday 03 Feb 2020, Bhutan’s lower house of Parliament passed legislation that makes it mandatory for visitors from India, Bangladesh and Maldives to pay a fee of 1200 Ngultrums  per day (equivalent to 1200 INR or USD 16.85 per day) from July 2020. Indians don’t have a free entry visa to Bhutan anymore. 

This fee will be collected as Sustainable Development Fee (SDF). The decision was made because of the increase in the number of regional tourists and its effect on Bhutan’s ecology. The Bhutanese government said, the SDF will directly go to the government and will be contributed towards the government’s initiatives regarding social welfare of Bhutanese citizens, according to the Tourism Council of Bhutan. According to the news report, there have been instances where some tourists have disobeyed the local laws and orders. Also disrespected their traditions and local customs. 

Last October, an Indian biker caused outrage by climbing on top of a monument to pose for a photograph. 

According to the Tourism Council of Bhutan’s Annual Report, India is the main source of visitors to the country. Indian visitors to Bhutan is more than 69 per cent with more than 19 lakh tourists visiting the country. 

While other nations tourists still continue to pay a USD 250 charge per day to the government, which includes $65 sustainable development fee.  Tourists from other nations have already been paying the fee as a part of their Minimum Daily Package – including meals, accomodation and transport. The Minimum Daily Package is priced at $250 during high season and $200 during off-season for foreign tourists.

In 2018, Bhutan received 200,000 tourists from countries in the region, approximately 10% from 2017, which means Bhutan was becoming another mas tourism destination and for many Indians it was an affordable international destination, UNTIL NOW.

Last year in November 2019, it was our Indian cricket team captain Virat Kohli’s 31st birthday, which he celebrated with his wife Anushka Sharma in Bhutan. They did a two weeks vacation in Bhutan and have publicised Bhutan on his social media account.  While India’s foremost celebrity couple, nicknamed collectively as “Virushka”, behaved themselves, others have not.

The chairman of Bhutan’s hotel and restaurants association, Sonam Wangchuk told AFP – “We have shared our concerns and sentiments to the government. But despite that they still went ahead with the decision.” He was worried that newly built budget hotels accomodating the Indian tourists would go bust. 

The Bhutanese foreign minister Tandi Dorji had discussed the country’s decision to implement the entry fee during a visit to India with external affairs minister S. Jaishankar  in the month of November 2019.

The Director General of Tourism Council of Bhutan (TCB), Dorji Dhradhul, told TOI that the idea to extend the visa fee to India and other nations in line with Bhutan’s high-value-low-impact tourism policy. The policy draft has been prepared for four years.

Well this is surely bad news for those who were planning to visit Bhutan towards the end of this year 2020. Although we cannot ignore that the fact that increase in tourism does create chaos and to maintain that government definitely needs resources. Although, ,me as a traveler will definitely be unhappy with the SDF fee but again as a responsible citizen I won’t mind contributing to a noble cause. Bhutan is such a beautiful destination which has the last excessive Himalayan kingdom, covered in mystery and magic, where a traditional Buddhist culture carefully holds global developments. I would really not mind paying the fees for saving the culture and tradition of Bhutan.  

Credit – The Times of India and The Wire.

Picture used in the thumnail – Credit – https://www.tourism.gov.bt/

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Hurrayyyyyy finally a good news for all the wanderlust, you are going to get rewarded for traveling and guess what you don’t need a blue tick or millions of followers for that. So if you are a travel enthusiast who loves to explore the culture and diversity of the motherland. It’s time to tick all the places in your bucket list now! The government of India has decided to reward the travelers who will visit 15 places in a year by funding their expenses. Not only this, you will also be honored as the ambassador of Indian Tourism. How cool is that? Let’s find out how.

When it was announced? 

The Indian government is surely taking an extra steps to give more power to Indian travelers, hence not only this will motive US as a traveler but will certainly showcase the diversity and culture in our country. On Friday, Jan 24, 2020 during the concluding ceremony of the National Tourism Conference that was organized by the Odisha government in association with FICCI at Konark, the government decided to sponsor your travel expenses as a reward. You need to visit 15 domestic tourist spots in a year and you can be the lucky one. 

“Tourism Ministry will fund the travel expenses of tourists who visit 15 destinations in the country in a year and submit the photos to our website,” Union Minister Prahlad Singh Patel said.

The campaign is called Dekho Apna Desh.

What is the criteria?

I am sure by now you all must be curious to know the criteria to follow to become eligible for the reward. Well it is very simple actually and for someone who is a travel enthusiast, he or she doesn’t need to do anything extra because I am sure this is what they are already doing.

How to be eligible for the reward:

  1. You need to travel to 15 destinations by year 2020 within India (duhhhh only 5 places to visit every year, easy peasy)
  2. Click picture while you are traveling (huhhhh this is what I always do)
  3. Submit your photos

Is that it? Yes, that is all.

But wait, what about the limitations or are there any conditions attached which we should know.

Yes but only ONE, make sure that all these destinations are out of your state.

Anything else I should be aware of, NO THAT IS ALL. 

How to apply?

For applying all you have to do is to go to the official website (https://pledge.mygov.in) and take a pledge. Once you click on that you will get a form to fill out and once you will in the form you will get a page to click on pledge and will send an OTP on your registered mobile number. As soon as you hit the submit button, you will receive your Pledge Certificate.

Once you have taken the pledge, you need to submit your photos supporting your claim. And once you have submitted the details, the ministry will fund the trip of the qualified individuals.

I have taken my pledge, when are you taking yours?

I would hate for you to miss on their awesome opportunity. Start planning and let your travel stories speak for you. We all can participate in this and show our passion and inspire others also. You never know when you can get lucky.

Follow us on instagram – World Travel Feed 

Follow me on instagram – Pushkar Bisht

HAPPY TRAVELING TO ALL

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Trekking has become a popular activity for many now-a-days. And it won’t be incorrect to say it is fairly one of the cheapest adventures. But still most of the trekkers end up spending bigs on treks which they could have done on a lower budget. Trekking can both be confusing and expensive when you are deciding where to trek and what gears to invest in. By the time you purchase all your gears and get ready to hit the trails, you will be amazed how much money you have actually spent. 

Here are some crucial tips that will help you make your trekking experience less expensive and  if you are someone who is the first timer then you should always use these budget friendly tips.

TIP#1 : Plan Ahead

We all know how crucial planning is for everything you do in your life. In trekking, planning is again the crucial step for beginners and experienced trekkers. This is actually the thumb rule in trekking which will cut the cost. You need to learn the layout of the trek, weather and pack accordingly. Planning will help you to overcome potential obstacles. 

A well planned trek will include stays, transportation, gears, etc. If you are planning a trek during the off season or making advance arrangements can certainly reduce the cost. You can go for the option of dorms or hostels or home stays and save money on your stay.

TIP#2 : Rent Gears

Because of its popularity, we have many companies who are renting out their trekking gears at a very minimal cost. We all know the trekking gears are no more than an investment. If you are a beginner or intermediate, you should consider renting them out. You can use these companies for that Sharepal, Unwind Life or Shoesonloose for renting out the equipment. They have everything starting from a headlamp to tents to oxygen cylinders to Gopro. When I went on my third or fourth trek I myself had used Unwind Life for renting out the tents, sleeping bags and mats. It saved a lot of money and moreover I didn’t know whether the group would be doing their next trek. Hence I advised them to rent and not to purchase.

Although you really need to call them or visit them in order to save the right pair of shoes for you or tent or any other gears. Ofcourse, you might not want to have 1 single tent of 4 people and rather take 2 tents of 2 people. It becomes easy to carry and you get more space to relax. Likewise going early will certainly give you many options to choose from and you can enjoy quality gears without breaking your bank account. 

You can also ask your friends. If you have any trekking enthusiast in your friend list, ask them to lend you the gears. It can save you a few extra thousands.

TIP#3 : Pack Lightweight 

It is said that the one who travels happily must travel light and we can’t agree more with it. Always pack your backpack as light as you can but make sure to carry all the essentials required. Packing light does not mean to avoid the essentials but to avoid the unnecessary items. Carry what you will need and not what you want. Although your backpack packing will be dependent on certain factors like type of trek, temperature and weather. Pack optimally so you can carry your own backpack and avoid any cost indulged to porter for your backpack.

I have seen a lot of people packing heavy and later they have to do porter in order to carry their backpack, which adds a lot to your budget. When you are renting out the equipment please check for the proper clothes and shoes depending upon your trek. Carrying a different jacket for cold weather and different in case of rain, makes no sense, carry one water-proof jacket which can serve both purposes. The lighter your backpack will be, the less number of porters you will require which results in saving.

TIP#4 :  Ask Your Friends/Group Travel

Trekking is becoming very popular so chances are someone you know is willing to trek along with you. Sharing the expenses is always the best way to lower down the budget. You can follow this tip during your regular vacation or during trekking. Also you can post on Facebook to make a group for your trek.

You can also join a group and do the trek with them. Trekking in groups as compared to solo can save costs. You will share expenses,from transport to food to camping. It is always a good thing to ask a few people with the same interest, you might get lucky. Also going in group gives you a chance to interact with like minded people and mountain enthusiasts. 

TIP#5 : Make Your Own Food

Sounds confusing? But it is true actually. If you are someone who is planning to trek in the Himalayas on a budget, learn to cook your own food. You will need pre cooked food for a multi day trek. There are several options available in the market for pre cooked food. Preparing your own food will substantially cut cost. You can invest some money in foods like energy bars, nuts and ready to eat food. It is common that the higher you go, the costlier the food becomes. Keep in mind to have food which have high calories to weight ratio. Pick more carbohydrates than protein. This is the catch while buying food for trekking. For healthy reasons, carry as many unprocessed foods as possible. 

TIP#6 : Use Public Transport

Although this might not draw your attention like other tips, it surely saves a lot. Try and use as much public transport as you can like trains and buses. Hiring a taxi would dig a hole in your pocket. The best about the Himalayan trek is that they are very well connected to the roads, which means you can use public transport to get there. If not comfortable, you can also use the shared cabs/taxis to reach the base camp. 

For example if you are doing a Kheerganga trek then you can take a volvo or a roadways bus till Kasol and from there you can take another bus to reach Barsheni which is the starting point of Kheerganga trek. The fare from Delhi to Kasol will be starting from 1200 INR per person and later travel will cost you about 30-40 INR per person whereas if you hire a taxi will take around 12,000 INR plus the toll taxes and state permits plus driver charges. Even if you are 4 persons, one side traveling would not cost you anything less than 4,000-5,000 INR each. 

No matter if you are doing your first trek or second or third, you don’t need to empty your wallet. So you need to take your own sweet time and do your proper research and preparation before hitting the trek. Pick a destination according to your physical fitness and get your gears on a budget and you are all set to go. Trekking is the easiest part of all, the planning is the one which is time consuming and confusing, so follow these tips and you will be able to handle the hard part without any problems. 

Do share your experiences and stories with us if you find these tips have helped you in getting you a budgeted trek.

HAPPY TREKKING TO ALL

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Exploring the great almighty Himalayas is a dream for all the trekkers. And we all have our own reasons, probably some do it for the thrill, some like to discover new places and cultures, some try to find peace and some want to get closer to nature.Whenever you are trekking in the mountains, it is best to come with proper preparation and the right spirit. But with wrong preparation and bad attitude you will have an adverse experience.  And in extreme conditions, it can even lead to casualties. It is in your hand to take your own responsibility and to trek responsibly without harming nature. The reasons for listing the do’s and don’ts of trekking is to make all the trekkers aware that we are not the owner of nature, rather we are just care-takers. We need to learn about these to reduce the number of casualties. 

LET’S START WITH THE DO’S

Check For Route and Weather

Well there is nothing more to say to this, planning a trip to Goa or a short vacation to Manali is completely different from a trekking trip to the Himalayas. Always check for your trek terrain and weather conditions. Everything changes with these factors, dry and rough terrain during summer conditions will have a different packing list and snow and winter conditions will have a difference. Plan your way ahead and do not just rely on others for the same. Read about the place, culture, weather, etc beforehand so in case of any emergency you can handle the situation calmly. Never think as a beginner but as a pro whenever planning your trekking trip. 

Learning about the terrain and weather will help you pack accordingly. You surely don’t want to get wet in the rain or get caught in snowfall without having a raincoat or down jacket in your backpack. Make an itinerary and follow the weather forecast of your trail, gain as much information as you can. Remember, weather can be your best ally or biggest enemy on the trek.

Follow Trek Leader

Always make sure you follow and listen to your trek leaders instructions, it is necessary and helpful. They are very well aware about the path and the trail. So they know where it is risky and where it is not. I would advise you to follow their footsteps literally when it comes to snow treks. They are the one who know everything about the place and situation of your trekking destination. Moreover, learn to trust your fellow trek mates as well. You will be spending your next few days or a week with them. You will share your food and tent with them. Remember in the worst situations, they will be the one to help you. Ensure you consult with your trek leader in case you feel uneasy or uncomfortable at any point during your trek. Ignoring this might lead to a worse condition. Being cooperative will bring respect, happiness and carefulness in you during your trek. Always help each other in need.

Never go for any trek alone unless you are 200% sure about your safety. Although it is not necessary that you would lose the path, chances are there you might fall and twist your ankle or some other muscle pull. If you are a beginner and doing any short treks like Triund trek which is said to be the easiest but even on this trek many casualties have happened and even deaths. Always take a guide or least go with some friend who has done trekking before. 

Moreover another thing to maintain is a positive attitude. Nothing can happen to me or I don’t care attitude could cause a disastrous moment. Always think positive and listen to your leader.

Carry Your Own Backpack

Carrying your own backpack is the basic in trekking. Plus it tests your physical strength. So make it a habit of packing light. Carry only the required clothes for your trek. A fleece jacket and down jackets will be the perfect combo for all the treks. You will be carrying your bag and the heavier it will be, the more exhausted you will feel. Carry the essentials which will be used during the trek. Packing 4 jackets, 3 pairs of shoes and unnecessary utensils and food will be useless.  Whenever making a purchase for your clothes, go for polyester or dry-fit fabrics, buy clothes which can be packed easily and are lightweight. 

Pack basics like change of clothes, first aid box, some ready to eat food and energy bars and a water bottle. However the list would differ depending upon your trek conditions and whether you are going on your own or with some private trekking companies. We have a backpacking checklist which you can follow but make sure you double check the list with your trek leader. 

Carry Proper Trekking Gears

Trekking gears are the essential part of trekking. A good quality trekking shoes, jacket, trekking poles and sleeping bags comes in handy and plays an important role to make your experience enjoyable and comfortable. You need proper water-resistant with comfortable ankle support shoes to keep your feet warm. Likewise you need snow grip spikes or crampons during your winter trek. As a tip make sure you buy one size bigger whenever you are going for long treks, it will accommodate your swollen feet and reduce the chances of blisters. 

Many of us underestimate trekking poles and think they are too fancy to carry. Actually it’s not. Trekking poles are there for a reason, they become a third leg and provide support while ascending and descending by sharing your body weight and pressure.

Similarly a good quality trekking tent and sleeping bag are very important. It will make sure you get a sound sleep and your body gets properly ready so it can be ready for the task on the following day. Same goes for your trekking jackets, a comfortable lightweight down jacket will keep you warm. Pack proper woolen socks, caps and gloves to keep you warm and dry. 

Always Keep Yourself Hydrated

It is difficult to realize that you are dehydrated. High altitude and cold weather conditions can make you feel less thirsty, which means you will end up taking less fluid than required. You need a minimum of 4-5 litres a day and if possible drink only warm water. Keep a water bottle in your backpack and refill the bottle whenever you get a chance. Make it a habit to sip some water after every 15-20 mins of walk. If you are going on a winter trek, you can carry a thermos which will keep your water warm for a long time. Water can freeze up during such conditions. You can also go for some alternatives in between like hot soups, tea or sports drinks to give some taste to your taste buds. Ensure you are taking enough fluids at regular intervals.

Although water in the mountains is clear and pure. But it is always a good option to keep water purifying tablets so in case if the streams are dirty or contaminated, then it can purify the water. Drinking pure water will also save you from infections and other diseases. 

Pack First Aid On Priority 

Don’t you ever dare to leave your first aid because it is as important as your mobile phone. First aid is a necessity on trek. The first aid box should contain basic medications to treat acute mountains sickness, cold, headache, diarrhea, vomiting, etc. Do include bandages, cotton and band-aids. Trekking can result in major and minor injuries and keeping the first aid will prevent getting infected. Consult your trek leader before taking any medicine. He will have better knowledge about what and when to take. 

Bring Reusable & Eco-Friendly Products

Well this is pretty self explanatory, but still many trekkers ignore this. Whenever trekking always carry your own utensils like a plate, a bowl, a fork and a spoon and that is all you need. Many trekkers find it very inconvenient to carry them and wash them after every meal and prefer disposable plates but that actually harms the environment. Similarly a lot of people don’t like to refill water and rather buy new water bottles and follow use and throw technique. It is advisable to refill the water bottle. The plastic actually takes hundreds of years to decompose and are a threat to nature. It will be a good practice to bring reusable utensils like plates, cups and water bottles to save our mother nature. 

Also one thing to make sure which is added to your to do list is to bring eco-friendly products to your bag. Carry biodegradable soap and detergent. Use biodegradable toilet paper. Using common toiletries like lip balm, toothpaste, face wash etc carry chemicals and harm our environment. Likewise for female hygiene, carry menstrual cup, tampons, reusable cloth etc. Sanitary pads take years to decompose. Be smart and pack your products accordingly.

Take Your Waste Back

Don’t be ashamed to take your waste back with you. Carry a bag with you where you can keep all your waste from plastic bottles to packaged food wrappers. For female travelers, they should put used sanitary pads in a zip lock bag. We all know there are no municipal departments in mountains and the waste which you dispose there cannot find its exit. Dispose all the waste in the proper place so it can be either recycled by segregating the waste. Because of the excessive pollution by trekkers, Uttarakhand High Court banned trekking and camping in some parts and this was because of us. We will have to preserve these treks for our future generation as well. However you can minimize the waste by using reusable and eco-friendly products in the first place. Don’t wait for others, you will have to make the start. If you really want to experience the adventure and want your future generations to experience the same, then we would have to start the contribution right away.

LET’S START WITH DON’TS NOW

Do Not Litter

We have seen that mountains have turned into a dustbin and this is heartbreaking. People go to the mountains to get detox physically and mentally but in return they pollute them. Buying packaged food and throwing the wrappers anyone thinking no one will see them. The main reason why we have turned out mountains into garbage bins is because we think what this one wrapper of chips can do. Please do not throw these wrappers/packets anyone, find a proper dustbin or take them back with you. Unless and until we ourselves don’t take actions, no one will. Because of the increase in waste a lot of treks were being banned for camping and trekking, and if we continue to litter then all the treks will be closed soon. You can use water instead of tissue papers and towel instead of wet wipes, because we tend to throw them away after use, resulting in polluting the environment plus they take years to decompose . Several times these are eaten by wildlife and as a result it leads to their death.

As a responsible citizen and trekker, it is our duty to keep our mountains clean. Remember we owe nature. Next time on trek, bring the waste with you and if you happen to see anyone littering around stop that person and educate him/her about the consequences of the same. We have seen so many changes in our climate and this pollution is the only reason for it, it won’t be long enough before our environment gets destroyed completely. 

Don’t pollute the water and environment

The rivers are the main source of water for the villages in mountains and even in cities too. And this water is used for drinking purposes by thousands of people. This is pretty common sense that we should not pollute the water. We all know that the water found in these streams is pure and clean however if you pee or wash or bathe in these streams then the water becomes contaminated. This further can lead to numerous types of diseases. We all know the human body consists of 70% water, and likewise on earth 71% is water but the fresh water is only 2-3% which means we have a scarcity of water. And if we happen to contaminate it and pollute it then it won’t be long before we won’t have water to drink. Look at the population and the amount of fresh water sources we have, this drastic climate change is already diminishing water quantity, so next time make sure you are not polluting the water or the environment.

Make your business atleast 200-300 meters away from the water source and campsite, likewise if you need to wash your clothes or take a bath, fill the water in a bucket or some vessel and take it 200-300 meters so you don’t end up polluting. Because it is consumed by thousands of people living below without even filtering it so conserve our water source while on a trek. 

Don’t underlook physical fitness

Trekking is all about walking and for which you need both mental and physical strength. Trekking isn’t completed on the basis of psychological strength, you will need physical fitness. Even the small treks like Kheerganga or Triund trek require some amount of stamina. You cannot take a whole day to complete a 2-3 hours trek. And this happens when you underlook your fitness. I have seen a lot of people making the trip for trekking without doing any fitness and later they regret it, some even won’t return. Your friends were going trekking and just because you said yes in excitement doesn’t mean it will be easy. They may have been regular workout people or probably following the fitness plan from last month or so, and moreover every individual strength and stamina is different. Never say you don’t need fitness just because your BMI is perfect and you don’t have much fat. Still you will need to strengthen your legs, shoulders, arms and entire body to finish your trek in enjoyment. 

On high altitudes the quantity of oxygen decreases which means your body will pump more blood and this situation leads to AMS, pretty common isn’t it. But how you can sustain or fight, only if you are physically fit and mentally stable. Many professional trekkers have collapsed and resulted in death so never underestimate the importance of physical fitness. You can follow the fitness guide to achieve your goals.

Don’t take too many breaks

Yes, breaks are important while your are trekking no matter which trek it is. Our human body tends to get exhausted with the walking, and taking breaks releases that tiredness and make the body normal to walk again. However talking breaks on every turn or after every 5 minutes of walking completely overrides the purpose of breaks. Ofcourse you are not a superhero who can finish the trek in one go but taking breaks in a planned manner will help you to be one. Taking too much breaks only makes you more tired and lazy. Also whenever you are resting or taking breaks place your legs on a rock or on your backpack to make the blood circulation running. Else if you are making small breaks then don’t put your backpack down and keep standing to slow down your breathing. I have experienced that small break turns into long ones if we tend to sit down and remove our bag. Taking too many breaks will result in incomplete target and many times you might have to keep trekking at night to reach campsite. Avoid breaks and avoid trekking after sunset, it becomes dangerous to trek in the dark.

Another basic etiquette of trekking is to walk in groups. Do not walk too fast or too slow. It is said that the faster you walk, the more tired you will be and if you are a slow walker then you will be left behind. Remember it is not a competition so walk in a natural rhythm and concentrate on your breathing. Avoid doing anything silly or jumping on the trek, it can lead to twist of your feet and end of your trek in between. Do not take trekking as a competition, there are no rewards for the one who is reaching first at the camp. Leave this competition to your professional life, it will only harm you if done while trekking. Walking easily on your trek and enjoying the beauty of nature. 

Avoid packaged food

We all know packaged food is the main cause of pollution, be it in the mountains or in the cities. But the only difference is, in the mountains this waste cannot find it’s exit and remains there, taking years to decompose. In the city we have dustbins where we can dispose of them and it will be recycled. And this is the reason I recommend you to carry the waste with you but how about if we can minimize that in the first place. How can we do that? By using less packaged foods. No it doesn’t mean that you should not eat your favourite chocolates or chips, rather buy them and store them in a reusable box, which can be used for multiple purposes after you finished them. Another way is to eat the local food like dal, rice, roti, sabzi for your meals because this will encourage local cuisines and the packaged food will be minimized. Plus this food is healthier than packaged one.

What else can you avoid? To consume these foods in an adequate proportion. Do not bloat your stomach with a heavy lunch that makes you lazy and vulnerable to trekking. Yes adequate proportion and nutritious food is the key to maintain a good balance in your diet. Yes we all love maggi on the trek but that shouldn’t be your main course meal. Rather eat it in between and during the day time and don’t make it a habit to eat it daily. 

Don’t create noise

We humans are used to living in a noisy city life but the wildlife living in the forest is not used to it. And whenever we visit the mountains, we are just visitors. Animals and birds stay away from these noises and sometimes these loud noises results in changing their natural behaviour. And this change can really cause some risk to the trekkers passing by. Loud noises are also a part of noise pollution and creating such noises is totally unacceptable. So let’s make a point to not disturb them and let them enjoy their homes. Don’t carry bluetooth speakers. Loud noises disturb the other trekkers as well. 

Don’t forget to pack essentials

Always make a backpacking checklist before you head out for your trekking trip. However to make sure you pack with is required and don’t just overload your backpack. One good way to create a checklist is to check the weather forecast for your trek beforehand. Essentials should be kept and places in order with sleeping gears, jackets, trousers, t-shirts, shoes, socks, hat, personal hygiene products, first aid etc. These things should never be missed because you don’t get stuck in the rain without a raincoat or waterproof jacket. One big NO will be for cotton, whatsoever the situation is, during your trek cotton will be strictly avoided. It takes forever for cotton to dry and plus they are not breathable and moisture wicking. Rather go for merino wool or synthetic fabrics since they are more breathable and wicks moisture plus dry quickly. 

Also whenever you trek, the body gets warmed up very fast resulting in sweating. So my suggestion during your trek is to avoid excessive clothes. Use polyester clothes as they are lightweight and easy to dry, even if you sweat while walking they will get dried up fast. Do not bind your body with a warmer, t-shirt, fleece jacket and a down jacket during the day time. It will result in too much sweating and will make you uncomfortable, you will feel cold in case it becomes windy or you rest under shade. Moreover you can get sick if you suddenly drop your body temperature by taking a bath after being completely covered in sweat. Avoid warmer during the day time, use it at night to keep your body warm. 

Avoid smoking and drinking

Smoking and drinking are not the best things to do when you are on high altitude treks. Yes you are used to your cigarettes and drinking rum will make your warm at night but understand at high altitudes the air is thinner which means you will need more air to breathe. Drinking also makes you dehydrated and you might think it will help you sleep but actually it’s quite the opposite. You might be able to sleep well initially but later you will wake up searching for water or for using the washroom. Cigarettes are no good again, smokes fill in your lungs when you smoke and later when you try to breathe heavy, it clusters around your lungs and fails to generate enough oxygen. You are going on a trek to detox so why not to do that, these things can definitely wait. Atleast you can avoid it on high altitude treks and just enjoy the peace. 

Here are the points in brief in case you are lazy to read(just kidding)

Do’s Of Trekking

  • Plan ahead & prepare for your trek
  • Check for weather conditions
  • Carry your backpack & pack light
  • Fitness is important – Read the fitness guide
  • Sleep well at night before and during the trek   
  • Bring reusable and eco-friendly products
  • Follow your trek leader strictly
  • Pack your first aid with basic medicines
  • Help your other trek mates or who are in need
  • Ensure you are hydrate during your trek
  • Bring a good quality shoes and jackets
  • Take proper planned breaks during the trek
  • Take your waste back
  • Carry water purifying tablets/electrolytes/glucose

Don’ts Of Trekking

  • Do Not litter
  • Don’t pollute the water and environment
  • Do Not compete with any individual
  • Don’t take too many breaks
  • Avoid packaged food
  • Don’t create noise
  • Don’t forget to pack essentials
  • Avoid alcohol and cigarettes
  • Do Not consume any medicine without consultation
  • Don’t buy, when you can rent
  • Don’t walk to fast
  • Don’t underestimate the importance of fitness
  • Don’t travel solo 

It is our duty to protect mother nature. We have got so much from nature and now it is our turn to protect it. Have a conservative approach towards trekking and understand your body and your limits along with nature. A logical approach and proper preparation will always come in handy and will make your trek doable and enjoyable. Whenever you are on your next trek make sure you follow these do’s and don’ts. Lets pledge to protect our nature and save it for future generations as well.

HAPPY TREKKING TO ALL

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Experiences like trekking trips in India will stay long in our memory and these treks can vary from easy to difficult and beyond. Trekking requires a certain amount of preparation both mentally and physically. One needs to understand the difficulty levels and the type of terrain he/she is trekking on. Although we all know without preparation, trekking is hard work. You need to put your time and sweat while you prepare for it. To accomplish your trek/hike, all you need to do is to work on your skills. A little bit of extra effort will work wonders during your trek. I know we never give importance to the preparation but actually it is a crucial part. It not only helps you from injuries but ensure you enjoy every moment at the trek. 

Here are a few of my preparation guidelines which I follow before my treks.

Start Your Training Early

Sounds quite dull? Actually yes but no matter even if your trekking trip is 6 to 8 months away, it’s never too early to get started. Start with a small amount of training and proceed gradually. Your trekking terrains can be rough and uneven but training will help you to deal with these terrains, weather, temperature, altitude and physical exertion. You just need to build your stamina and train your legs. Just like training the muscle is important, likewise recovery is also important. Give your body proper rest and train regularly to build stamina. Usually 3 months before your trip is the right time to start the training. Although you can start it even 1 or 2 months prior, the only difference will be the amount and intensity of training/exercise will be more.

The best way to train your body is by walking. And the irony is trekking is nothing but walking with the differences in terrain. Walk as much as you can and wherever you can. There is no definite amount of sets or reps which you need to follow. Avoid unnecessary usage of escalator, lifts and transportation (if you only need to go within a distance of 1-2 kms). 

If you have made up your mind for trekking, make sure you adhere to a well-defined fitness schedule for your preparation. 

Mix Cardio and Exercises

Mix your cardio with exercises. Cardio is a great way to build stamina and lose extra fat from the body. Although for trekking, doing leg based cardio and exercises more is better. You can do normal or inclined walking and jogging on the treadmill. Cycling and jumping rope are few more great cardio exercises for legs. Exercises will help in increasing your strength and help you body to adapt to a new environment.  Squats, lunges, planks and deadlifts are few of them. Initially you can do them with your body weight and once you get used to that, switch to weights. 

Along with these exercises you can also include your favourite outdoor sports as well like swimming, football, cricket, etc. The more you enjoy the sport, the more motivated you will be to do them. You can also do yoga and zumba if you enjoy them. 

Build your leg strength, this is the key for your trek. The more strengthen your legs are the less tired you will be. If you are a gym person, you have plenty of options but if you are not then you can stick to basics like squats, lunges, pushups, planks and stair climbing. 

Doing some weight training again is a plus point for you. It will give you more strength to carry things on your shoulders or arms without getting tired easily.You will be carrying your backpack on your shoulder for long and continuous hours and it’s definitely not easy. Use light weight dumbbells and plates when performing exercises. Do not only train legs, your other body parts shoulders, back, arms will also play a role during your trek. Try to indulge more into compound exercises rather than individual body parts.

 Mix Your Training Terrain

Trekking includes walking on different terrains and in extreme weather conditions. Whenever you are preparing yourself for the trek, try to mix your training with similar kinds of terrain. It is always a good idea to read about your trek and the weather conditions beforehand. You will not be walking on plain roads and footpaths during your trek so try to walk on stairs more. You will get trained on uphill terrain. Prepare your feet, ankles and knees for the stress they’ll experience on the trip. It will make your trek easy and ensure you will enjoy every moment. 

Also try to practice in the same footwear and clothes which you are planning to wear on the trek. Using the footwear will make your feet adjust to the shoe and would reduce the problems like shoe bite and blisters. 

Choose The Correct Footwear

It is another very important aspect when it comes to the preparation for trek. How to choose the right pair of footwear for your next trek is an important part of trekking. Your feet are the most important body part on a trek, so investing in a good pair of waterproof trekking shoes is highly recommended. Remember your shoes can make it or break your trek. Choose the shoe with the right amount of ventilation and waterproof quality, a good ankle support with a good sole is always a plus point. You should go to the store to buy them, take the right size and walk a little when you are trying the shoe. However if you have been using a particular brand and are aware about its sizes then definitely you can order it online as well. 

And once you have bought the shoes, wear them daily so you can avoid injuries. You might feel uncomfortable and stiff at first but once you get used to it, they will mould to your foot shape. Always wear the shoes with socks. Start with various exercises in them like walking, jogging and running, the sooner you get comfortable with the shoe, the better your trek will go. 

Use Backpack During Practice

During your trek, you will be carrying your own backpack which will include food, drinks, clothes, sleeping bags, tents and much more so choosing a backpack becomes important. When it comes to buying the backpack then go for the one which gives you extra padding on shoulders, adjustable chest and waist straps and is waterproof. After you purchase the backpack, you will need to practice with it too. Remember you will be carrying all the essentials in your backpack. The bag can weigh 25lbs or 40lbs, you will have to carry it no matter what. So why not start practicing it? 

I understand it will be a little awkward to walk around like a trekker with the clothes, shoes and backpack. However you can definitely practice like when at home or maybe your terrace or how about on stairs inside the house. This will help you a lot. You won’t be surprised at the last moment when you pick your backpack before starting the trek. Nonetheless, practicing with a backpack will strengthen your shoulders, back and arms.

Make Your Diet Plan (MYDP)

 It won’t be incorrect to say abs are made in the kitchen, likewise to maintain a good fitness level, it is your diet that plays the major role. When you are increasing your fitness level by high intensity workouts but at the end you are eating parathas, butter chicken, pizzas, burgers, etc then it won’t help. And no I am not asking you to completely quit them and only eat boiled food (for those trying to reduce some weight before hitting the trek can surely stick to boiled food for a month and later switch to zero fat food). Rather I would say eat them but keep a track of your calories, once a week will work for you. Stick to the basic indian food like dal, roti, rice and sabzi because this is all you will get in your treks. Make your taste buds adapt to them so it will be easy for you. 

Eat in small quantities because with a full stomach diet you won’t be able to walk, also don’t remain hungry. Fuel your body in such a manner that it can perform the task without making you lousy. Eat light and carry snacks in between meals. Consider eating more carbohydrates instead of protein. You can practice eating on the move so your body is used to it. Think of food which gives you enough energy to finish your day and accordingly make your diet plan. 

Keep Yourself Hydrated

As we all know how important it is to keep yourself hydrated in our daily life and the same rule is followed while trekking as well. Whenever you are trekking, your fluid requirement will increase significantly and if not hydrated properly can lead to dehydration. Your fluid intake will certainly depend upon the weather condition too. Carry a water bottle with you always and refill it whenever possible at water sources. We have an article on how you can stay hydrated during the trek where we have talked about some tips and we should follow them on our trekking trip. During your preparation, when working out or jogging carry a water bottle and take small sips in between reps or sets. Try to increase your daily water intake to 4-5 litres minimum because when you are on trek, you cannot just increase it. Bloated stomach will make you slow and uneasy. Make it a habit or start the quantity before you hit your trek.

Don’t wait for your body to signal with a dry mouth and then you drink water, try sipping a small amount of water after every 20 mins(depending upon the intensity of your trek). You can keep checking by monitoring the colour of your urine, a pale straw colour indicates you are well hydrated and darker colour means you need to drink more water.

Use Trekking Poles

Walking poles actually make a difference to your trek, they are saviour once you get used to them. They are lightweight and do not take much space in your backpack however they ease the pressure on your knees on descents. Nevertheless, the poles give extra support and can be used as extra hands while you are on steep climbs. While you are preparing for your trek, try to use the walking poles. They will become your friends during your trek. Trekking poles can certainly make the trek easier and more enjoyable. 

Consistency & Persistence

Since we have already discussed the factors above, which can help in preparation for your next trek. However, we all know how difficult it is to follow these routines along with our professional and personal tasks. And this is the reason why consistency and persistence comes in picture. During your physical training, aim for a consistent amount of exercise for each day and for each week, forget about the different excuses which will come into your mind for not going to the gym or park. Maintain an exercise schedule on a piece of paper or on phone and mark complete to give yourself the honor for same. Be ready at the same time, each day and every week because I know once we pass our daily time of activity we tend to think about one or the other excuse for not doing it and leaving the same for tomorrow.

You should be persistent enough to control your mind and follow your daily routine of exercise, no matter what. Remove all the possible barriers so you can’t come up with excuses not to train. Take some extra efforts like keeping your gym clothes the night before, set an alarm on the phone or keeping a workout progress report. Actually, consistency and persistence does not only play a role while you’re preparing for your trek but we can actually have these two qualities in ourselves for our daily work/tasks.

Mental Preparation Is Equally Important

Physical fitness is really an important factor which decides the trekking experience, the fitter you are, the more enjoyable it will be. But if you’re not fit then trust me it can turn out to be your worst nightmare. But we should never forget the mental preparation as well. Because if you think in the beginning only that trekking is not for me, then for sure nothing will work. Never underestimate yourself, just put in some extra effort and remember you can do it too. Your efforts will definitely pay you off and will guide you through on your trek. Losing without trying is definitely worse than trying and failing. Always have a positive approach and I can do it approach.

WHY YOU NEED TO PREPARE YOURSELF

Now definitely it will come in your mind why you need to prepare? I am perfectly fit and I even workout everyday. Alright sounds good but have you trekked before? If no then surely you need to prepare and if yes, then you need to prepare too. See what basically I am trying to say here, never let overconfidence take place in your mind. It is good that you are a professional trekker and take care of your food and health, but if you think that and stay in bed for the whole month surely it will affect your stamina and weight. As per me anybody who can walk and breathe is reasonably healthy for a trek. 

There are chances that even if you go prepared with all these guidelines you might still face some or the other problems. It is not mandatory to follow these tips blindly, I know there might be some point which I might have missed above. These are only to make you aware and educated about the same. Don’t let your ego and I don’t care attitude ruin your preparation for trek, while you are on trek, you are on your own. There won’t be any scenario wherein if you get tired, your trekmates will carry you till campsite. Irrespective of how tired you are, you have to reach the camp, you can walk or crawl, your preparation will decide that. 

I myself have faced a lot of difficulties during my initial days of trekking wherein I went simply unprepared and later realized how stupid I was. Definitely there will be many more factors which will determine your trekking experience but atleast with these you can come closer to the good experience line. The main reason behind the preparation is to have a good trekking experience and return home without any injuries. But I am sure that if you are someone who is passionate about trekking then it won’t be difficult for you to follow these guidelines and make the best out of your trekking trip.

HAPPY TREKKING TO ALL 

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Trekking is a good way to stay healthy and happy. And a hydrated trekker is a happy trekker. Although drinking plenty of water during the trek is no rocket science. Human body is about 60% water and even a little exercise can deplete that percentage. We have seen trekkers struggling with dehydration. The crucial part of trekking is to ensure proper hydration. 

Level of your activity and the temperature you are at decides the amount of water you should drink to stay hydrated. High altitudes and warm temperature makes us thirsty. During summers we tend to sweat more which reduces the percentage of water in our body. Thus requires the human body to drink more water and water helps in keeping the mind alert and body energized. Likewise, higher altitudes means thinner air as you climb high, and in order to maintain the level of oxygen, you need to hydrate yourself at regular intervals. The lungs try to pump more oxygen when there isn’t much oxygen which results in a drier mouth. Remember, you are losing water while you are just breathing. In order to maintain a healthy balance in your body you will require more fluid. 

It is a fact that senior trekkers need 10% more fluids in their body as compared to the young trekkers. But every trekker should stay hydrated before, during and after the trek.

Let’s first understand what Dehydration is. Well I am damn sure we all know about it, but will cover it. So dehydration is nothing but deficit of total body water which occurs when water loss exceeds water intake, usually due to exercise, disease or warm temperature.  

In this article I will share some tips on how to stay hydrated during the trek. Afterwards I will tell you signs of dehydration and how to treat them. Let’s get started then. 

Drink Water Before Hitting The Trek

Before beginning your trek, you should drink one or two cups of water. Don’t wait for the body signals, your body feels thirsty when the water level is low. Instead keep your water level from dropping in the first place. Develop habits for hydrating your body, it helps you stay fit and give your best during trek. Always make it a habit to hydrate yourself before starting the trek.

How Much To Drink

 The amount or quantity of water you need to drink depends upon a number of factors like age, body type, activity level, exertion level, weather, altitude and duration. One good practice to follow, drink atleast half a litre of water on an empty stomach, drink another half a litre before you hit your trek. Your aim should be to drink 4-5 litre of water each day, and have regular sips of water in brief intervals. Although on a strenuous day the amount of water intake should increase. Instead of chugging a litre after every 2 hours, drink small amounts frequently, it helps to maintain hydration level. 

Carry Water & Make Them Accessible

Make sure you carry ample amounts of water during the trek. You need to plan how much water to carry in a day. I would recommend carrying 2 bottles of 1 litre each on each side of your rucksack. Replacing a portion of fluid with a carbohydrate or electrolyte sports beverage will help retain fluid and maintain energy and electrolyte levels. You can pack some electrolyte tablets or a sports drink to your bag. You can buy them from Amazon

Just like water is important to keep you hydrated, you also need food for same. Food are rich source of electrolytes and helps equally to prevent hydration. Make potassium rich food as a part of your diet including.

  • Bananas
  • Lemonade
  • Orange/Orange Juice
  • Tomato/Tomato Juice

Remember to balance your food intake with fluid consumption to avoid dehydration. Also keep your water bottle accessible, pack it on the top or outside of your backpack. 

Listen to Your Body

You should not wait for your body to tell you that you are thirsty. Keep in mind to take a few sips after every 15-20 minutes while trekking. Like it is said prevention is better than cure, so it is better to be conscious of drinking water on a regular interval than being hit by hydration. You need to drink more water depending upon the temperature and the intensity of your trek. Replenish fluids and electrolytes properly, consider alternating between plain water and sports drink. A balanced electrolyte and energy level makes trekking more enjoyable.

Refill at Water Source

Refill water when you can. Trekking trails are filled with plenty of water sources and it is good to know what are your water-points on the trek. Drink water every time you stop to refill your water supply. It will make you hydrate and you can avoid carrying extra water. Because of the availability of water sources, you cannot always rely that it is the cleanest and purest, make it a habit to carry water purifying tablets which will clean and kill the germs. Otherwise look for running water as these are most likely to be clean. You can buy these tablets from Amazon.

Few treks may not have enough water sources like winter treks, in that case carry enough water beforehand. Make it a habit to carry 2 water bottles of 1 litre each and refill them whenever possible. 

Start You Trek Early

Trek when it’s cooler. Start your trek early in the morning, find some shady area to rest. Take the rest during the noon time and when the sun is no longer at its peak, trek again till sunset. Walking in the sun will result in water loss through sweat so try to walk in the shade if got an option. Always apply sunscreen and  wear a cap or hat during the trek, it helps to avoid water loss. Remember sunburns can speed dehydration.  

Stay Hydrated After Trekking

Once you finish your trekking, do not stop drinking water. You should continue to intake fluids even after completing the trek to replenish water and electrolyte loss. Always drink more than you think is necessary but not while trekking, you can complete the water intake before and after the trek. 

So these were the main points to cover basic measures to take care of dehydration. But apart from these there are few more which you can take.

  • Drink irrespective of the weather. Maintaining proper hydration is equally important in cold weather, just like in hot weather. You can pack an insulated bottle to keep the water warm. Before starting your trek, you can keep tea in an insulated bottle to replace water with tea.
  • Consuming alcohol is a strict NO. Alcohol significantly contributes to dehydration. Try to avoid during or night before the trek.
  • Start building your water intake capacity two weeks before the trek. Most people are not used to drinking the required amount of water. 
  • Keep checking for your pee. Yes, you heard it right. Your urine should be light yellow and should be done after every couple of hours. Dark colour or taking 4+ hours to urinate are signs of dehydration. 
  • Take assessment of your hydration by looking for few signals like
  1. Rapid Heart Rate
  2. Dizziness
  3. Weakness
  4. Painful or Dark Urination

HOW TO TELL IF YOU ARE DEHYDRATED

How you can tell if your body is dehydrated and trust me this is very easy but also a serious thing. If you think you are hit by dehydration, don’t wait longer to treat it. You can follow the above tips to prevent dehydration but you should be aware about the symptoms so in case you or your trekmates get suffered from it, then you can take proper measurements.

Early Signs of Dehydration

Now to determine the early signs is easy and can be cured instantly.

  • Dry Mouth (Drink water immediately once you felt it)
  • Thirst (Don’t wait for the stop, drink water the moment you feel thirsty)
  • Decreased Energy (Don’t assume it is the tiredness of trek, if felt low drink water with some protein bar or drink some sports drink to boost your energy)

Severe Signs of Dehydration

Now with these signs or symptoms, the process of treatment is followed by some rest. Take time once you get hit by these below and do proper hydration.

  • Muscle cramps
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Dark Urine
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness

How to treat Dehydration

You can follow these basic steps in order to treat early symptoms or severe ones. Although for severe ones you may need some more time to determine if the suffering person needs some medical attention.

  1. Stop and look for shade. The moment you feel any of these symptoms above, stop right there and look for some shady area probably a tree or a big rock. 
  2. Take a rest. Once you find the shade, sit down and rest. You need not to force your body until you feel a little better.
  3.  Rehydrate. Drink water or a sports drink to replenish the water loss. Also you can mix some salt to the plain water to maintain the salt level. Take protein bars as they will give you extra energy.
  4. Cool down your body temperature. Hydration speeds up with high body temperature so soak a bandana or face towel and apply it to the head and back of your neck. Cooler body temperature will resist the water level more. 

Pro-Tip : Always pack Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) in your first aid kit because they are proven to help your body absorb and retain fluids more efficiently. 

Remember, continuing to trek in a dehydrated state can lead to some serious consequences like heat stroke, muscle breakdown and sometimes kidney failure.

However many times we get involved into this practice so blindly without considering the fact that, there is something called overhydration. Overhydration is also known as hyponatremia and can be just as dangerous as dehydration but is a rare condition to occur. Basically during overhydration sodium level in the blood gets diluted that cell function becomes impaired. In some extreme cases hyponatremia may cause coma and even death.

Some common symptoms of overhydration are headache, nausea and fatigue. But how you can differentiate between the two is simple, the colour and volume of urine. If the colour is clear or near clear and the volume is large every 30 minutes to an hour, you’re overhydrated. 

Avoid overhydration by paying attention to how much you are drinking. Don’t drink too much water and add electrolytes to the water are 2 basic things to follow.

How to Treat Overhydration

  1. Don’t over drink. Try not to drink more than you sweat and take some rest.
  2. Add salt. Increase the sodium level by adding salt to plain water or eating a salty snack. You can balance it by drinking a sports drink with electrolytes.

Trekking has many benefits like reducing the risk of heart attacks, breast cancer, and diabetes along with increasing overall physical function. And that is why trekking should be done safely and correctly. Make sure you stay hydrated adequately before, during and after the trek. 

SO STAY HYDRATED AND HAPPY TREKKING 

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Trekking in the Himalayas is fun if you can walk and enjoy the beauty but not to mention it is physically challenging too. Just like any other sport activity, trekking also requires stamina and strength even though we walk everyday for our errands but still we need to prepare our body for trekking. The old saying ‘Health is Wealth’ is something we can’t argue about. Nevertheless trekking is not only about physical fitness but requires mental preparation as well. You will need to start your preparation atleast three months prior to your trek. However the first thing is mental toughness. The professional trekkers are not athletes but are average people like me and you with just some great determination and dedication. You will be walking 5 to 7 hours everyday and trust me even a person with good level of fitness can fail to complete the task, he or she also requires preparation and a positive attitude. 

Trekkers need a balanced approach while training, and complete body strengthening. Only then he or she will be successful and injury free during the trek. It is important to maintain a slow, steady and enjoyable regime. And remember along with all the training, a proper diet and rest is a must. Your stamina and strength will improve gradually, nothing will happen overnight. Just make your schedule and exercise daily and regularly. 

So Why do we need to be fit before a trek?

Well answer to this question is very simple, the more fit you are, the more you will enjoy your trek and it won’t turn into a nightmare. But the main reason is because of two simple reasons. First, as we go on higher altitude the air becomes thinner. So to cope up with the decreasing amount of oxygen, we need to build Aerobic Fitness. This decreasing level of oxygen leads to AMS – Acute Mountain Sickness which is extreme condition turns into HAPE OR HACE and causes death as well. Hence being fit becomes very important.

Secondly, walking for long durations on ascend and descent topography with backpack on, requires good level of Strength and Endurance training. Many people don’t actually realise that walking downhill is more destructive to the body because there is more force on the body with the weight on back when on descend. So we require the strength and endurance to climb uphill or downhill without any injury.

However these are the following points to concentrate on while building endurance, stamina and strength.

Aerobic Fitness 

What exactly is Aerobic fitness/exercise? Well it is nothing but what we call commonly as cardio or cardiovascular, any physical exercise of high or low intensity. As discussed above, aerobic fitness helps you to fight against AMS and decreasing level of oxygen at high altitudes. But how you can actually increase your fitness level is simple and can be completed in two phases. Yes, it won’t come overnight and you will be required to have discipline and dedication to finish your training.

Phase I

You can start with the basics, Walking. Trekking is nothing but walking on the terrains in different topography. So no need to rush into the training from the first day unless you are someone who is already working out. Your body needs time to adjust with the exertion. If you straight away walk for 5kms on the first day, trust me you will be in bed for the next 2-3 days and will completely ruin the purpose. Hence, take it slow for the initial few days or a week, walk 4-5kms everyday and maintain a steady pace. Give a day rest before you move on to the second phase. Follow the phase I for atleast 2-3 weeks depending upon how much time you have before your trek. 

While you are completing your daily target, at the end make sure you do some stretching. It will help you to recover your muscle soreness. Free hand stretching of arms, legs, shoulder, neck and waist will also save you from injuries.

Phase II

Once your 3 weeks of walking and stretching is done and you have gained some fitness, it’s time to move on to the next phase, Jogging or Running. You can do any of these or mix them up on alternate days. These exercises can be performed inside a park or on a treadmill. Make sure you are wearing proper cushioned shoes. One thing which you can do here is to use your trekking shoes, you will get used to them and feel more confident on trekking. If you have made a new purchase of trekking shoes then you should definitely use them. Start with 3kms and gradually move to 5kms within 30 minutes. And don’t forget to do stretching at the end.

Also you can do cycling as an alternative with jogging or running. It is a very effective way to increase your aerobic fitness and helps to lose weight. You can use the cycling machine in the gym as it offers different resistance modes which are a little more efficient as compared to cycling outdoors. However both are equally efficient. Start with 5kms and move to 8-9kms within the same amount of time say 25 mins. Again stretching will help your muscles to recover quickly. 

Follow these exercises for the next 3 weeks and make sure you push yourself everyday because that will be the only way to increase your capacity. The time or distance mentioned is minimal, if you have achieved this before time, go for another km or two before you stop. 

Some other exercises which you can perform:

  • Stair Climbing
  • Incline Treadmill Walking
  • Brisk Walking
  • Rowing (if machine available in your gym)
  • Swimming (in case you have access to a swimming pool)

Benefits of Aerobic Fitness:

  1. Increases the efficiency of respiration
  2. Strengthens your heart and reduces the risk of strokes or heart attacks.
  3. Improves blood volume, distribution and delivery to muscles.
  4. Strengthens bones and muscles.
  5. Helps body to acclimatise at high altitudes
  6. Strengthen the immune system and regulates weight

And there are many more….

Strength and Endurance training

Your strength training will start from the second phase of aerobic training, wherein you will focus on the whole body. It is equally important to build endurance because you don’t want to give up just before the summit. Your endurance training will help you to go on without giving up. And for that you need to prepare your whole body, legs, arms, back, shoulders and abdominal muscles. One hour of exercise is more than enough which you can divide between cardio and strength. You really need that stamina to finish your trek. 

Although you are already preparing your legs by the aerobic training, understand you are only using your bodyweight. You will be walking 5-7 hours daily with your backpack on, so just running will cover your entire exertion of legs on the trek. NO, you will need to build your leg strength and increase your endurance by using extra weights while you are performing any leg exercises. 

I know repeating the same exercises everyday can get boring and your body will definitely get used to that. Try and alternate your exercises, suppose you are doing squats on barbell today so change to squats on leg press machine for the next week. Likewise there are many alternatives for all other exercises which will make your workout session interesting. 

Also never underlook stretching. You need only 5 mins post and pre workout session. Stretching not only helps in avoiding injuries but also recover your muscles quickly and reduces soreness.

Some exercises which you can perform for strength training.

  • Squats 
  • Leg Press
  • Calves 
  • Hamstring Curls
  • Pull-ups 
  • Push-ups
  • Shoulder Press
  • Bicep Curls
  • Tricep Pushdown
  • Walking Lunges or Standing Lunges
  • Crunches, Leg Raise
  • Dorsal Raises or Hyperextension 

There are varieties of exercises to perform when it comes to strength. Not necessary you need to lift heavy because you are not competing in any body building competition. Just some extra weight with 3 seats will be more than enough to gain some muscle mass. In case you find the weight light then yes definitely you can pick little heavy or increase your repetitions. Make sure you are taking proper rest in between your sets and train for 5 days, it’s more than enough. Do maintain a proper diet even on rest days.

Stay Hydrated

It is very important to keep yourself hydrated during your workouts and during your trek. Your body needs fluid to perform a high intensity activity. Low fluid level will decrease your endurance and results in fatigue, and during trek it can lead to altitude sickness. We have explained how you can stay hydrated during the trek in our article, you can go through that. Never wait for your body to give signals rather make it a habit to sip some amount of water after every 15-20 mins while on trek. During your workout, you can sip water after every exercise and in between the sets. If you don’t maintain the fluid level, it can cause injuries and you might even faint while you are lifting heavy weight. It even slows down the process of building muscle mass. A lot of studies even claim that water helps in reducing body weight as well. 

Take a proper amount of fluid whenever you are working out, this will eventually develop your habit of drinking water regularly even while you are on a trek or in office. We need to drink 4-5 litres of water everyday, which will increase during workout sessions or during summers. Focus on staying well hydrated during your training. 

Rest Is Important Too

Yes, rest is very important, rest in between and after the workout plays an important role in building stamina and strength. And remember to focus on optimizing the sleep, 7-8 hours of sleep is important. People often have problems sleeping at high altitudes and if you don’t sleep properly at night then you won’t be able to focus on the next day. Learn how to have a sound sleep during trek on our article.

Preparing for trek is no different than preparing for a long distance run, the only difference is there is no competition on a trek. You can walk at your own pace and enjoy the beauty of nature. As a caution, never go overboard with the training. Trekking is all about walking and maintaining a slow and steady regime. Don’t push your body during the initial days of training to an exertion level where you are not able to proceed with the routine further. Crazy workout can lead to many minor and severe injuries, you might get cramps or maybe muscle tear. Prepare an exercise chart, and during the initial few days make the workout little ease and increase the intensity as you move ahead. Also keep in mind about your capacities. Each and every time you go to the mountains, you should have the fitness level to deal with. Even the experienced trekker needs to maintain his or her fitness level. So maintain a positive attitude and eat well and drink plenty of water to prepare for your trek. Exercise regularly and include your rest days as well.

HAPPY TREKKING TO ALL

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